Locally known as Pudhugai it was a princely state created by Raghunatha Kilavan Sethupati of Ramnad. He appointed his brother-in-law, Raghunatha Thondaiman as the chief of the district, and later gave it to him as a gift. When Kilavan Sethupati passed away, Tondaiman became the ruler.
Pudukkottai became a princely state of India under the British. Later, in 1948, the last of the Thondaimans acceded to independent India, and it became part of the Madras State. It was the first state to join the Indian Union after freedom.
From the ancient times it had a very rich civilization. The Dolmen stones, the megalithic burial monuments, are found here. The Sangam literature mentions this as a place of highly cultured elites. Its history, arts, architecture, archaeology and cultural past reflect the rich heritage.
Hence historians, anthropologists, archaeologists and art lovers find this as a place of special interest which is the treasure chest of Tamil civilization. The exhibits of Kodumbalur, Narthamalai, Kudimiyanmalai, Kunnandar Kovil, Sittanna vasal, Thirumayam, Peraiyur, and Avudayar Kovil bear ample testimony to that.
Avur: In 1547, Father John VenantiusBouchet, popularly known as Veeramamunivar, built a beautiful Roman Catholic Church. The Mother Mary here is called Periyanayaki. The church was reconstructed in 1747, nearly 200 years later, in the form of a cross.
Kunnandar Kovil: This cave temple, in a small village called Kunnandar, is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is believed to have been built in the 8th Century. The temple is considered as one of the oldest stone temples in South India.
Thirupunavasal: Called the Viruthapureeswarar temple, it is considered a padal petra sthalam.
Kattubhava Pallivasal: This Dargah was built in the 17th Century by the Nawab of Arcot over the tomb of Bhava FakruddinAulia, also known as Kattu Bhava. The annual URS festival is of special importance here.
Kodumbalur: In this village there’s a Moovar Kovil Temple that was built in the 10th Century, and finds mention in the Silapadhikaram.
Mallaiyadipatti: Here you can find two interesting cave temples of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu cut from a single rock. These fine bas relief sculptures are truly ancient.
Thiruvengaivasal: The Vykrapureeswarar Temple was built in the 11th Century and subsequently renovated by the Pandya emperors during the 13th – 14th Century. The lord’s consort is Parvati Devi. The beauty of this temple is that the rays of the sun fall on the deity during sunset. The Vanni tree in this temple is 800 years old.
Keeranur: The UthamaNathaswami Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, has epigraphs from the Chola and Vijayanagar era. Many whisper in the ears of the Nandi, with the prayer that the message may be delivered to Lord Shiva directly.
Avudayarkoil: Here, the presiding deity is only a pedestal [Avudai] and not the Siva Linga. Saint Manikavasagar, the 9th Century Tamil poet wrote the Tiruvasagam, a book on Saivite hymns in this temple, and called the lord as Athmanathar.
Tirumayam: The rock cut cave temples of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu are the chief attractions in the fort that houses them. Dating back to the 9th Century, the Vishnu temple is called Adirangam and Tirumangai Alwar is said to have sung praises of the lord in the temple.
Narthamalai: This cluster of small hills house some rock cut cave temples as well as rock cut edicts which follow a style that is not commonly seen in South India. The Mariamman temple is very popular. PaliyilIsvaram, SamanarKudagu and Kadambar Kovil are important places to visit.
Kudumianmalai: The cave temples situated here showcase the wondrous artistry of ancient times. A temple for Lord Shiva on a hillock, surrounded by life size sculptures, is called Sikkanatheeswarar.
The prakarams of this temple give access to the cave temple of KugaiJayanthavneswarar, which is adorned with over 100 inscriptions representing the musical notes of Carnatic music. The temple of Lord Subramanya Swami is located on the Kudimianmalai hill.
Viralimalai: The famous Shanmuganathar Temple sits atop Viralimalai, and it is a well-known shrine for Lord Murugan. What’s beautiful about this temple is the fact that there are peacocks in the wild, as the Viralimalai Bird Sanctuary is close by. Viralimalai has some natural caverns in the hillock that signify the presence of human habitation from early times.
Sittanvasal: The Sittanvasal Cave is a rock cut Jain monastery that houses historical paintings of Jain saints that are similar to the Ajanta paintings. These paintings were made during the 9th Century and this rock cut cave is also called Arivar Kovil. The meaning of Sittanvasal is “abode of great siddhas”.
Tirukkatalai: This place gets its name from Tirukkatrazhi, or a sacred stone temple. Housing Lord Sundareswaran, it was built by Aditya Chola in the 9th Century. It has a small sanctum and 7 shrines, though the 7th shrine is empty. On the eastern side of this town, there is a megalithic burial site called Kalasakkadu.
Ponamaravathy: Named after the kings Ponnan and Amaran, this was a separate kingdom in early times. This is an important pilgrim center as it houses the Choleswaramudaiyaan temple built by Raja Raja Chola II, and the Soundararaja Perumal Temple.
Aranthangi: There are numerous temples here, but the Kasi Viswanathan Temple and the Rajendra Choleswaram in the fort are the main pilgrim pullers.
Peraiyur: The Naganathaswamy Temple belongs to the 12th Century and is one of great renown. It is known for Naga worship and barren women have been visiting it to install stone Nagas. This is known as a parigara sthalam, and rids people of the malefic effects of Naga Dosham caused by Rahu & Ketu.
Government Museum: The Government Museum is in Thirkogarnam has the 2nd largest collection after the Chennai Government Museum. There are rare and exotic collections of geological, zoological, anthropological and archaeological exhibits.
Adipuram Festival [July-Aug] at Sri Brahadambal Temple at Thirukogaram.
Manikkavasagar Festival- June-July 10 day Aani Tirumanjanam; December - January 10 day MargazhiThiruvadhirai –
Tiruvembavai festival– at Avudayar Koil.
Mariamman Festival at Narthamalai [April-May].
The Government of Tamil Nadu Tourist Office,Hotel Tamil Nadu Complex,Gandhiji Road, Thanjavur. Phone No.04362-230984.
Cinema Theatres : Available
District Library Situated near Ulavar Sandhai
Book Shops Available
Bank, Money Changers: State Bank of India
Name of Hotel Place
Abirami Hotel Sathiyamoorthy Road, Pudukkottai.
Nandhini Restaurant Sathiyamoorthy Road, Pudukkottai.
Hotel Aarathi Sathiyamoorthy Road, Pudukkottai.
Hotel Vasantham Sathiyamoorthy Road, Pudukkottai.
Hotel Balaji Woodlands Sathiyamoorthy Road, Pudukkottai.
Hotel Aryas Sathiyamoorthy Road, Pudukkottai.
R.R.Restaurant Sathiyamoorthy Road, Pudukkottai.
Hotel Impala Sathiyamoorthy Road, Pudukkottai.
Post,Telegraphs ,STD, ISD, Fax, Courier Service, Internet Service are available
Lodges Name Phone Numbers
- Prince Lodge 5843,
Sathiyamoorthy Road,Opp,New Bus Stand,
Pudukkottai - 1. 222409,224991
- Palaniappa Lodge, 5794,
Santhanathapuram 4th Street
- Rani Anjugam Paradise Hotel,
North main street,
Pudukkottai - 1. 225743
- Shivalaya Hotel,
Pudukkottai - 1. 221864,220956
- Sri Lakshmi Lodge,
9962,Sri Venkateswara Complex,
Opp: Court,Madurai Road,
Pudukkottai - 1. 220821 / 9842330821
- Shanthi Complex,
Pudukkottai - 1. 227886
- S . T . D Lodge,
Santhanathapuram 5th Street,
Pudukkottai - 1. 220528
- Hotel MAARIS
2382,West Main Street,
Important telephone numbers
(STD CODE No.04322)
Place Phone No
1.Superintendant of Police 265613
2.Bus Stand 224599 / 220806
3.Head Post Office 220722 / 221324
4.District Library 222464
5.Archaeological Survey of India – Thirumayam 274205
Road: There are numerous operators running bus services to and from here.
Rail: Pudukkottai has a major railway station.
Air: Nearest Airport is at Tiruchirappalli [44 Km]