Rajendra Chola earned the name Gangaikonda Cholan when he successfully transported Ganges water in a golden pot and sanctified its water body. He then built a Shiva temple, Gangaikonda Choleswaran and shifted the Chola capital from Tanjore to Gangaikonda Cholapuram.
What’s noteworthy about this poetry in stone are its richly carved sculptures that are intricate and imaginative. The bronzes of Bhogasakti and Subrahmanya are masterpieces of the Chola era.
This temple possesses a really large Shiva Lingam carved out of a single rock. The shadow of the temple Kalasam does not fall on earth. Also, there is a stone called the Chandra Kanta Kal that has been kept under the lingam, which is believed to keep the temperature under control whether it’s summer or winter. UNESCO declared this a World Heritage Monument in 2004